Occupational safety is the discipline framed in the prevention of occupational hazards whose objective is the application of measures and the development of the activities necessary for the prevention of occupational hazards. It is a set of techniques and procedures that result in eliminating or reducing the risk of accidents.
The company is a workplace that must maintain standards and have optimal conditions so that employees can develop their work activity in the best possible way and with the greatest safety.
The priority of Workplace Safety is to avoid serious and fatal work accidents. If we look at the statistics of the last decades, we observe that workers die at work mainly due to traffic accidents, cardiovascular diseases, falls from heights, electrical contacts, blows and falling loads in logistics activities and access to confined spaces without the mandatory ones. security measures.
With the exception of cardiovascular diseases that are prevented from areas more related to Health, the rest are tackled from the Occupational Safety specialty. In order to combat these accidents at work we have to take into account the main cause that causes them; “the human factor”, therefore the main tools to prevent them are training, information, and the application of work procedures through which companies can minimize the risk that their workers may suffer accidents. ”
Occupational safety implies that there are no risks that harm workers’ health. For this, technicians or specialists in occupational risk prevention must identify, evaluate and control the hazards or risks associated with the work activity and promote training activities and measures aimed at preventing and avoiding these risks.
Getting the employees of an organization to have the best conditions in occupational safety is the responsibility of the employer, who can directly assume this mission by entrusting this task to people in his company or hire a company specialized in occupational risk prevention to lend him external advice It is the employer’s obligation to inform and train his workers of the scope of the risks derived from his work, as well as to put the means to avoid them.
The manufacturers and suppliers of machinery, equipment, products and work tools that will be used in the production process are also obliged to comply with labor safety standards.
At the international level, the main body that regulates the rules and regulations to monitor occupational safety is the OITE. This link will open in a new window (International Labor Organization), which is the entity responsible for the permanent improvement of working conditions. It is an organization belonging to the United Nations, formed by governments, companies and workers that establishes agreements and standards to constantly improve working conditions.