Hanovia – 90 Years and Counting

Age is no barrier to innovation at Hanovia!

For 90 years Hanovia, tucked away in the Berkshire town of Slough in the UK, has been quietly innovating. From its early days making UV lamps for treating skin conditions to today’s high-tech UV water treatment systems, the company has always been at the forefront of UV science and, at 90, age is no barrier to innovation!

Hanovia is now a world leader in UV disinfection for applications as diverse as food and beverage processing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, brewing, electronics, swimming pools, buildings, ballast water and fish farms.

To celebrate its 90th anniversary the company hosted a celebration at its HQ on November 3 which was attended the Mayor of Slough, Shafiq Chaudhry, Rob Anderson, the Leader of Slough Borough Council, representatives from SEGRO (which runs Slough Trading Estate), journalists and ex-Hanovia employees.

After a brief talk by John Ryan, Hanovia’s Managing Director, about Hanovia’s long history – and looking ahead to the next 10 years – visitors had a short factor tour which was followed by a cake-cutting ceremony and lunch.

It was fantastic to see so many ex-employees on the day – and we were honoured that the Mayor was able to attend. Everyone found John’s talk interesting and the factory tour was the first time some of the visitors had even see a UV system, so there were plenty of interesting questions!

Photo 1

Left-Right: John Ryan, Hanovia’s Managing Director, Rob Andersen, Leader of Slough Borough Council and Shafiq Chaudhry, the Mayor of Slough, at the cake-cutting ceremony)

Photo 2

Left-Right : John Ryan, Hanovia’s Managing Director, Shafiq Chaudhry, the Mayor of Slough, Gunvinder Bhogal, Hanovia’s Marketing Manager and Rob Andersen, Leader of Slough Borough Council, during the factory tour)

Before Hanovia – the Slough Connection
Sir William Herschel first discovered ‘invisible radiation’ (infrared rays) in Slough in 1880. His discovery led to Johann Wilhelm Ritter’s discovery of ultraviolet radiation in Germany a year later.

Hanovia and UV
Hanovia’s history goes back to the early 1920’s, when the company started manufacturing UV lamps in Slough for medical treatment. ‘Actinotherapy’ or ‘artificial sunlight’ gained popularity after it was found that it cured rickets and helped in the healing of wounds. From then on, no hospital could afford to be without UV equipment. Hanovia was also one of the innovators of air disinfection using UV.

From those early days, Hanovia has evolved into one of the world’s leading manufacturers of UV lamps and systems for water disinfection in the industrial, leisure, building, aquaculture and shipping industries.

Hanovia’s timeline
1924 – The British Hanovia Quartz Lamp Co Ltd is founded in Slough, holding various patents and manufacturing rights across the British Empire
1925 – The company starts manufacturing UV lamps for medical and other applications
1927 – Hanovia extends its operations overseas, appointing distributors in Australia, India and New Zealand
1928 – UV ‘artificial sunlight’ receives significant press coverage and front page news due to the work Hanovia was doing for medical applications
1931 – Hanovia starts publishing ‘The Quartz Lamp’, a quarterly journal reproducing the best articles in the field of actinotherapy
1934 – The company acquires land in Slough and begins building its own office and factory premises, which are opened in 1935
1935 – The company is renamed Hanovia Limited
1936-1939 – These years see the development of an entire new range of therapeutic lamps and a series of laboratory models based on a new UV ‘arc tube’
1939 – The company introduces ‘low pressure’ mercury discharge tubes for bactericidal irradiation
1939 – 1945 – Hanovia manages to retain its unique team of specialists and continues operation as an ‘Essential Establishment’
1942 – The company designs ‘high pressure’ UV arc tubes for use in high speed photo printing
1949 – By now, food, beverage and pharmaceutical manufacturers across Europe are using Hanovia’s UV technology for bacterial disinfection
1950 – The ‘Biscayne’ domestic sunlamp is launched
1955 – The company introduces a portable fluorescent UV lamp for actinotherapy
1960 – A domestic room heater is launched
1981 – Hanovia is acquired by Halma plc, a FTSE 250 company with subsidiaries around the world, focusing on hazard detection, life protection, personal and public health improvement and environmental protection
1983 – Aquionics begins operation as Hanovia’s North American sales, marketing and service arm
1986 – Hanovia collaborates with the ‘North Sea Sun Oil’ rig to eliminate bacteria in seawater used for downhole injection
1987 – Aquionics installs the first UV system for drinking water treatment in North America at the Fort Benton, Montana Drinking Water System facility
1988 – Berson UV-techniek (founded in 1972) is acquired by Halma plc
1992 – The new low pressure WS 200 Series is introduced
1993 – Hanovia is the first company to gain approval for its technology with dose control from the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
1994 – Riverside Leisure Centre in Exeter is the first in the UK to install UV for swimming pool water treatment (supplied by Hanovia)
1997 – Hanovia launches the ‘Photon’ medium pressure UV system with dose monitoring
2001 – The company’s technical expertise is recognised by a Queen’s Award for Innovation for the ‘SuperTOC’, a UV system for removing contaminants from ultrapure water used in electronics manufacturing
2004 – Hanovia launches the ‘CrossFlow’ UV system for municipal applications, which also receives USEPA validation
2006 – The ‘AF3’ low pressure, amalgam UV system is launched for industrial applications such as pharmaceutical and beverage production. The AF3 has a unique ‘L’ shaped UV chamber to optimise water treatment
2007 – Hanovia focuses on industrial applications while Berson UV-techniek focuses on municipal applications
2007 – The company opens a sales and service office in Shanghai, China
2008 – Hanovia relocates to new, larger premises in Slough, giving the company scope to significantly increase production
2009 – Hanovia wins the Ringier ‘Technology Innovation Award’ for the beverage market in China. The company subsequently won the award in 2012 and 2014
2010 – The company partners with Wartsila to produce a ship ballast water UV treatment system to prevent invasive species being transported in ballast water
2011 – PureLine, PharmaLine and SwimLine are launched to support specific market requirements in the beverage, pharmaceutical and leisure industries
2012 – The award-winning, 3rd party accredited PQ (Performance Qualified) range for the beverage and pharmaceutical markets are launched
2014 – Hanovia’s UV Application Centre is opened in Shanghai, China, enhancing the research and development of UV science.
Today – 80% of Hanovia’s business is export, with 20% of turnover coming from China

The future – As it turns 90, Hanovia is now widely recognised as a world leader in UV technology for industrial, leisure, building, aquaculture and shipping applications. The future is looking very exciting for a company that, while staying true to its roots in a small Berkshire town, is a global player.

About Hanovia
Based in the United Kingdom, with a worldwide distributor network, Hanovia is a world leader in UV disinfection technology for industrial applications, with branch offices in the USA and China and a global distributor network. From its early days manufacturing UV lamps to treat skin conditions to today’s validated, performance qualified UV water treatment systems, Hanovia has always been a technology leader and at the at the forefront of UV innovation. Hanovia is a subsidiary of Halma plc.

For more details contact Mr.Gunvinder Bhogal; Tel: +44(0)1753 515300, E-mail: gunvinder.bhogal@hanovia.com; Website: http://www.hanovia.com

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Halma India announces opening of new branch office in Vadodara

Halma India’s Managing Director, Mr. Prasenjit Datta inaugurated the Vadodara branch office on November 6, 2014. The office locate on the 4th floor of Atlantis Heights in the busy commercial area of Vikram Sarabhai Marg in the city of Vadodara, marks the first expansion of Halma India outside Mumbai where the main office of Halma in India is located. Prasenjit announced, “Halma is looking at India to fuel the growth of Halma companies as well as tap into its vast and experienced pool of skilled engineers in setting up knowledge and development centres. The Vadodara office will help Halma companies be closer to its customers who are located in Gujarat.”

Prasenjit Datta cutting the ribbon to open the Vadodara office of Halma India

Prasenjit Datta cutting the ribbon to open the Vadodara office of Halma India

The Vadodara office spread over more than 1100 sq.ft. will currently serve as base for Nitul Sanghvi, the Area Sales Manager for South East Asia and his team for Netherlocks range of products. Netherlocks is a leading supplier of safety and valve control systems for major industrial operations as well as smaller firms. Netherlocks main customers are oil & petrochem firms and consultants.

Vadodara Office Interior

For more information about Halma and its companies, please contact Mr. Sunil Balan, Marketing Manager of Halma India on Mobile: 077381 61211 or Tel.: 022 6708 0400 or Email: halmaindia@halma.com. You could also visit our global website www.halma.com. The Baroda office can be reached on Tel.: 0265 234 1134

About Halma:
Halma, the leading safety, health and environmental technology group is a public company listed on the London Stock Exchange and has around 5000 employees in nearly 50 subsidiaries worldwide. Halma’s subsidiaries make products that protect lives and improve the quality of life for people through innovation in market leading products which make its customers safer, more competitive and more profitable. These subsidiaries are assisting India’s economy in areas such as energy, manufacturing, healthcare, water and waste treatment, construction and transport. Halma has an office in Mumbai and now in Vadodara.

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Ocean Optics introduces surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates

Gold nanoparticle SERS substrates amplify Raman effects

Ocean Optics has introduced a new substrate for Raman spectroscopy applications. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates are highly sensitive, stable and reliable, delivering precise trace-level Raman spectroscopy measurement in applications ranging from chemical and explosive agent detection, to authentication, contaminant screening and quality control in production environments and the laboratory.

Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Using precisely controlled gold nanoparticles, Ocean Optics SERS substrates amplify very weak Raman signals by many orders of magnitude. The result is fast, repeatable SERS measurements for the identification and quantification of SERS-active analytes. Detection at the parts per billion and even parts per trillion, level are possible.

Ocean Optics’ unique SERS substrate manufacturing method results in affordable mass production with high repeatability and customization options. Standard substrates are microscope slide format with a 5 mm diameter active area. Ocean Optics uses optical-grade borosilicate glass and high-performance silicone-based adhesive for compatibility with a wide range of solvents. Customized designs are available on demand with a choice of form factor such as swabs and coatings, as well as the ability to impart specificity to particular analytes.

SERS substrates work reliably with the complete range of Ocean Optics Raman instruments, including the IDRaman mini handheld Raman spectrometer.

For more information on Ocean Optics SERS substrates visit http://oceanoptics.com/product/sers/

To learn more about SERS substrates, please contact an Ocean Optics Applications Scientist at info@oceanoptics.com. For enquiries contact Daniëlle Ravenshorst at Tel: +31 (0)26 319 05 00 or visit http://www.oceanoptics.com

About Ocean Optics:
Headquartered in Dunedin, Fla., Ocean Optics (a Halma company) is a leading supplier of solutions for optical sensing – fundamental methods of measuring and interpreting the interaction of light with matter. With locations in the Americas, Europe and Asia, the company has sold more than 200,000 spectrometers worldwide since 1992. Ocean Optics’ extensive line of complementary technologies includes chemical sensors, analytical instrumentation, optical fibers, metrology products and optics. Ocean Optics is a subsidiary of Halma plc, an international market leader in safety, health and sensor technology.

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Alicat Releases Gas Select™ 5.0 Firmware for its Mass Flow Meters and Controllers

Newly added Gas Select COMPOSER™ defines personalized gas compositions for highly accurate mixed gas flow measurement

Alicat Scientific has expanded its Gas Select™ firmware to include a library of up to 130 pre-loaded gases, referenced to NIST Prop 9, and an industry-first utility for defining mixed gas compositions. New to Gas Select 5.0, the COMPOSER utility gives users the ability to quickly program and store up to 20 personalized gas compositions directly on Alicat mass flow meters and mass flow controllers. With COMPOSER’s capabilities, Alicat devices adapt to a range of applications and users’ changing needs.

Alicat MFC

The Gas Select firmware comes standard on all Alicat mass flow meters and controllers. Version 5.0’s expanded library now includes up to 130 preloaded full gas calibrations, depending on the Alicat instrument series. In addition to many pure gases, Gas Select 5.0 includes numerous gas mixes commonly used in bioreactor, welding, manufacturing, power, refrigerant and medical industries. The library has also been updated to include complete NIST Ref Prop 9 gas properties data for the preloaded gases and gas mixes.

A brand new feature of the Gas Select upgrade is the addition of the COMPOSER module, which brings a new level of customization and flexibility to accurate mixed gas measurement. Using the device’s integrated digital display, users can define gas compositions to 0.01% for each of up to five constituent gases. Up to 20 gas mixes can be created and stored simultaneously on each device. Users who operate Alicat instruments via computer can generate gas lists for multiple devices in seconds with single line RS-232 commands. As personalized gas compositions can be added or deleted quickly, Alicat instruments easily adapt to different flow needs in the future.

To learn more about the Alicat mass flow meters and controllers using Gas Select 5.0 software with COMPOSER visit www.alicat.com/composer, or contact Gajendra Kelkar on 0 99300 47455 or email gkelkar@alicatscientific.com

About Alicat:
Mass flow meters, mass flow controllers and pressure controllers have been the focus of Alicat Scientific, Inc.’s business since its inception. Its mass flow meters and mass flow controllers are NIST traceable. Part of the international Halma group, Alicat Scientific designs and manufactures mass flow devices used in medical and scientific instrumentation, as well as specialty industrial applications, for high-precision measurement of gas and liquid flows. Its all-digital product range includes mass and liquid flow meters and controllers; pressure gauges and controllers; portable flow meters; calibration standards; software and accessories.

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New Development Kit for Spectral Sensing Applications from Ocean Optics

STS spectrometer, Raspberry Pi microcomputer and flexible software for out-of-the-box use.

Ocean Optics has introduced a new set of spectral sensing tools for developers and others who want to deploy spectroscopy in new applications. The STS Developers Kit brings together its powerful STS spectrometer, a Raspberry Pi microcomputer, customizable software and wireless capabilities in a single package for integrating spectral sensing quickly and easily. Right out of the box, the kit can be quickly configured for a variety of scientific, process monitoring and environmental applications. Uses include developing handheld devices for light metrology or colour measurement, creating cloud connected measurement clusters, and even mounting on UAVs for remote monitoring.

The STS Developers Kit takes advantage of the Raspberry Pi’s flexibility and adaptability to enable new uses for spectroscopy. Once connected to a WiFi network, the spectrometer can be controlled through phone, tablet, or computer web browser. The WiFi range is up to 150 m, and all data is securely stored to the onboard SD card. While it comes pre-loaded with this simple interface and is ready to use out of the box, the development platform makes it fast and easy to customize the kit to specific projects.

The web scripting API enables quick development of custom scripts and applications, allowing the STS and Raspberry Pi to perform even more complex tasks. Ocean Optics SeaBreeze drivers communicate directly to the spectrometer via USB interface. A Daemon Service software enables more autonomous functionality as well as coordination with other hardware such as switches or even controlling sampling accessories.

The core of the kit is Ocean Optics’ STS microspectrometer. At less than 42 mm square and 24 mm high, the STS delivers maximum power in a small footprint. Its optical design and advanced CMOS detector elevate the STS to performance levels comparable to larger and more expensive spectrometers. Excellent linearity, high dynamic range, and wavelength accuracy ensure reproducible and repeatable results. In addition, high thermal stability performance and low baseline drift ensure that data stays accurate, even under changing environmental conditions. The STS Developers Kit offers the choice of three STS models: STS-UV (190-650 nm), STS-Vis (350-800 nm) and STS-NIR (650-1100 nm).

To learn more, visit www.OceanOptics.com, or contact an Ocean Optics Applications Scientist at +31 26 319 0500 or info@oceanoptics.eu. For Enquiries Contact Daniëlle Ravenshorst at Tel: +31 (0)26 319 05 00

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Eye Check from Volk a Portable Ophthalmic Exam Tool

Mobile, handheld instrument aids in pediatric examination of Strabismus Amplitude.

Volk Optical’s Eye Check, an electronic handheld ocular measurement device, aids in the diagnosis of ophthalmic abnormalities. Capable of a number of key measurements including pupil diameter, horizontal visible iris diameter, inter-pupillary distance, margin reflex distance, pupil eccentricity and strabismus angle, Volk Eye Check helps practitioners screen, diagnose and document ocular characteristics for contact lens fitting and general diagnostic purposes.

Volk Eye Check

Volk Eye Check’s intuitive user interface is easily navigated by physicians and support staff for seamless integration into the practice environment. Its real-time, accurate and objective results enable quick decision making and can be output to electronic records management systems with Wi-Fi connectivity.

For general diagnosis and documentation, Volk Eye Check measures:
• Inter-pupillary distance for eyeglass fitting
• Margin reflex distance for detection and documentation of ptosis in endocrine disorders, as well as pre- and post-surgical comparison
• Strabismus angle for Amblyopia and Strabismus screening with objective documentation of Strabismus amplitude

Volk Eye Check can also help to quickly identify patients that are candidates for specialty lenses and reduce practice drop-out rates. An estimated 6 million contact users drop out of lens wear each year, 12 percent of those due to the discomfort of poorly fitting lenses1.

Eye Check measurement parameters that facilitate lens fitting are:
• Horizontal Visible Iris Diameter (HVID) to assess correct contact lens diameter
• Pupil diameter and eccentricity for GP lens fitting and multi focal contact lens choice
• Lid margin to pupil margin for bifocal lens fitting
1 Ref. New Data on Contact Lens Dropouts, 1/15/2010 (John Rumpakis OD)

Mahadev Dhuri who is launching Volk Eye Check in India adds: “Volk has a tremendous reputation in ophthalmic lenses and diagnostic imaging devices. In India, pediatric ophthalmic devices can play a critical role in early diagnosis of eye diseases. Also, in the rural interiors and even in smaller towns, you require a portable device for diagnosis. This innovative ophthalmic diagnostic device can also find many other applications in general patient care.”

For more details contact Mahadev Dhuri, General Manager – India (Volk-Keeler) on T: 91-22-67080400, M: +91 99303 11090, E-mail: mahadev.dhuri@halma.com, Website: www.volk.com

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Ocean Optics Spectrometers measure vegetation from the ground and the air

A pair of super-lightweight miniature spectrometers from Ocean Optics is helping researchers investigate plant parameters in a verdant patch of New Zealand grassland. The compact STS model spectrometers, one deployed as a ground unit and the other aboard an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), are making synchronised hyper-spectral measurements of barley and sugar beet crops to assess plant characteristics for more effective crop management.

A multinational team of researchers from Germany, Italy, Spain and New Zealand developed the UAV-based system and conducted the initial experiments, gathering high-resolution reflectance spectra from the UAV at altitudes of up to 200 meters and irradiance spectra from the ground-based spectrometer. According to team leader Andreas Burkart of the Research Center Jülich IBG-2 Plant Sciences, Germany, collection of hyper-spectral data by field spectroscopy is a time-consuming task and often is restricted to easily accessible areas.

The small size and weight of the STS spectrometer is ideal for use on the UAV, which allows a series of fast and reproducible measurements over any terrain, even forest or marsh. By measuring various segments across a section of the New Zealand pastureland, the system was able to assess information such as specific plots that contained live vegetation.

The STS is a remarkably small CMOS detector-based spectrometer that is less than 2 inches square (40 mm x 42 mm) and weighs a little over 2 ounces (68 g). It performs comparably to larger systems, providing full spectral analysis with low stray light, high signal to noise (>1500:1) and excellent optical resolution. For the application described here, the researchers were able to match the performance of the STS to that of a larger, more expensive commercially available field portable spectrometer, with optical resolution of ~2.5 nm (FWHM).

To learn more, visit www.OceanOptics.com, or contact an Ocean Optics Applications Scientist at +31 26 319 0500 or info@oceanoptics.eu. For Enquiries Contact Daniëlle Ravenshorst at Tel: +31 (0)26 319 05 00

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90 Year Old British Company that’s a World Leader

Age is no barrier to innovation, as Hanovia proves on its 90th birthday

For almost 90 years Hanovia Limited, tucked away on a Slough Trading Estate, has been quietly innovating.

Now as it approaches its 90th anniversary, the company is a world leader in the specialised field of UV water disinfection for applications like food and beverage processing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, brewing, swimming pools, buildings, ballast water and fish farms.

To celebrate this anniversary Hanovia is hosting a special event at the company’s HQ in November 3rd. The event includes a presentation by the current Managing Director, John Ryan, a factory tour for the guests, a cake cutting ceremony besides others and will also have the Mayor of Slough, where Hanovia is headquartered in UK, in attendance.

A bit of history…

Before Hanovia – the Slough Connection
Sir William Herschel first discovered ‘invisible radiation’ (infrared rays) in Slough in 1880. His discovery led to Johann Wilhelm Ritter’s discovery of ultraviolet radiation in Germany a year later.

Hanovia and UV
Hanovia’s history goes back to the early 1920’s, when the company started manufacturing UV lamps in Slough for medical treatment. ‘Actinotherapy’ or ‘artificial sunlight’ gained popularity after it was found that it cured rickets and helped in the healing of wounds. From then on, no hospital could afford to be without UV equipment. Hanovia was also one of the innovators of air disinfection using UV.

From those early days, Hanovia has evolved into one of the world’s leading manufacturers of UV lamps and systems for water disinfection in the industrial, leisure, building, aquaculture and shipping industries.

Hanovia’s timeline
1924 – The British Hanovia Quartz Lamp Co Ltd is founded in Slough, holding various patents and manufacturing rights across the British Empire
1925 – The company starts manufacturing UV lamps for medical and other applications

Hanovia Advertisement for Lamps

Hanovia Advertisement for Lamps


1927 – Hanovia extends its operations overseas, appointing distributors in Australia, India and New Zealand
1928 – UV ‘artificial sunlight’ receives significant press coverage and front page news due to the work Hanovia was doing for medical applications.
1931 – Hanovia starts publishing ‘The Quartz Lamp’, a quarterly journal reproducing the best articles in the field of actinotherapy
The Quartz Lamp Book Issued in Oct 1931

The Quartz Lamp Book Issued in Oct 1931


1934 – The company acquires land in Slough and begins building its own office and factory premises, which are opened in 1935
1935 – The company is renamed Hanovia Limited

Hanovia Factory in 1935

Hanovia Factory in 1935

1936-1939 – These years see the development of an entire new range of therapeutic lamps and a series of laboratory models based on a new UV ‘arc tube’
1939 – The company introduces ‘low pressure’ mercury discharge tubes for bactericidal irradiation
1939 – 1945 – Hanovia manages to retain its unique team of specialists and continues operation as an ‘Essential Establishment’
1942 – The company designs ‘high pressure’ UV arc tubes for use in high speed photo printing
1949 – By now, food, beverage and pharmaceutical manufacturers across Europe are using Hanovia’s UV technology for bacterial disinfection
1950 – The ‘Biscayne’ domestic sunlamp is launched
1955 – The company introduces a portable fluorescent UV lamp for actinotherapy
1960 – A domestic room heater is launched
1981 – Hanovia is acquired by Halma plc, a FTSE 250 company with subsidiaries around the world, focusing on hazard detection, life protection, personal and public health improvement and environmental protection
1983 – Aquionics begins operation as Hanovia’s North American sales, marketing and service arm
1986 – Hanovia collaborates with the ‘North Sea Sun Oil’ rig to eliminate bacteria in seawater used for downhole injection
1987 – Aquionics installs the first UV system for drinking water treatment in North America at the Fort Benton, Montana Drinking Water System facility
1988 – Berson UV-techniek (founded in 1972) is acquired by Halma plc
1992 – The new low pressure WS 200 Series is introduced
1993 – Hanovia is the first company to gain approval for its technology with dose control from the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
1994 – Riverside Leisure Centre in Exeter is the first in the UK to install UV for swimming pool water treatment (supplied by Hanovia)
1997 – Hanovia launches the ‘Photon’ medium pressure UV system with dose monitoring
2001 – The company’s technical expertise is recognised by a Queen’s Award for Innovation for the ‘SuperTOC’, a UV system for removing contaminants from ultrapure water used in electronics manufacturing
2004 – Hanovia launches the ‘CrossFlow’ UV system for municipal applications, which also receives USEPA validation
2006 – The ‘AF3’ low pressure, amalgam UV system is launched for industrial applications such as pharmaceutical and beverage production. The AF3 has a unique ‘L’ shaped UV chamber to optimise water treatment
2007 – Hanovia focuses on industrial applications while Berson UV-techniek focuses on municipal applications
2007 – The company opens a sales and service office in Shanghai, China
2008 – Hanovia relocates to new, larger premises in Slough, giving the company scope to significantly increase production
2009 – Hanovia wins the Ringier ‘Technology Innovation Award’ for the beverage market in China. The company subsequently won the award in 2012 and 2014
2010 – The company partners with Wartsila to produce a ship ballast water UV treatment system to prevent invasive species being transported in ballast water
2011 – PureLine, PharmaLine and SwimLine are launched to support specific market requirements in the beverage, pharmaceutical and leisure industries
2012 – The award-winning, 3rd party accredited PQ (Performance Qualified) range for the beverage and pharmaceutical markets are launched
2014 – Hanovia’s UV Application Centre is opened in Shanghai, China, enhancing the research and development of UV science.
Today – 80% of Hanovia’s business is export, with 20% of turnover coming from China

The future – On its 90th birthday, Hanovia is now widely recognised as a world leader in UV technology for industrial, leisure and marine applications. The future is looking very exciting for a company that, while staying true to its roots in a small Berkshire town, is a global player.

For more details contact Mr.Gunvinder Bhogal; Tel: +44(0)1753 515300, E-mail: gunvinder.bhogal@hanovia.com; Website: http://www.hanovia.com

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Using UV Disinfection to Ensure Bio-Security in the Pharmaceutical, Food and Beverage Industries

Introduction
The pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries are unique in that their products are either consumed directly or are used in products that are actively consumed by people. In an increasingly regulated and safety-conscious market, these industries have to meet ever more stringent standards on water quality and bio-security.

It is vital to treat the water used in the manufacturing process to remove toxins, biohazards and any unwanted organic materials, while at the same time not incurring any residual taste, colour or reagents that could affect another part of the downstream process. In these industries the ‘raw’ potable water they source at the start of the process may not be completely free of bio-challenges, as needed for their individual processes, resulting in active growth of microorganisms to harmful levels.

UV is ideal for these applications as it is both effective and chemical-free. It eliminates all known pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, yeasts and moulds (and their spores) and is low maintenance and environmentally friendly.

The importance of bio-security
Bio-security is very important to understand from both the supplier and customer perspective. It is a fine balancing act between providing an appropriately-sized treatment system on the one hand while ensuring viable cost of ownership on the other.

Where a UV system is required to target a specific bacteria, virus or other bio-hazard, the precise minimum dose needed to achieve the required reduction of that hazard must be well characterised and monitored in delivery. Three general types of system can be used for this task:

• Very cost-effective systems monitored for a minimum lamp intensity that achieve a minimum delivered dose which is not defined
• Cost-effective systems that have been referenced to known validations and therefore offer an assured bio-security, but without the absolute cost of a full validation
• Costly systems that have been fully validated to monitor the precise dose delivered and the power of the system controlled to continually deliver that required dose

How UV disinfection works
UV is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum between visible light and X-rays. The specific portion of the UV spectrum between 100-290nm (known as UV-C) has a strong germicidal effect, with peak effectiveness at 265nm. At these wavelengths UV eliminates microorganisms by penetrating their cell membranes and damaging the DNA, making them unable to reproduce and effectively killing them.

A typical UV disinfection system for process water or liquid ingredient consists of a UV lamp housed in a protective quartz sleeve and mounted within a cylindrical stainless steel chamber. The liquid to be treated enters at one end and passes along the entire length of the chamber before exiting at the other end. Virtually any liquid can be effectively treated with UV, including raw mains water, filtered process water, viscous sugar syrups, beverages and effluent.

There are no microorganisms known to be resistant to UV; this includes pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria, Legionella and Cryptosporidium (and its spores, which are resistant to chlorination).

UV dose
The irradiated UV dose necessary for microbial deactivation varies from one species to another and is measured in millijoules per square centimetre (mJ/cm2). Values for specific microorganisms have been experimentally established and are used to determine the type and size of UV system required.

The dose received by an organism in a UV treatment system is dependent on five main factors:

1. The energy output of the UV source
2. The flow rate of the fluid through the treatment chamber
3. The transmission value (ability to transmit UV light) of the fluid being treated
4. The geometry of the treatment chamber
5. The chemistry of the water

By optimising these criteria, a UV system can be tailored to effectively treat large or small flows, as well as viscous fluids or those containing dissolved solids and high levels of starch or sugar compounds.

UV technologies
There are two main types of UV technology based on the UV lamps used: low pressure and medium pressure. Low pressure lamps have a ‘monochromatic’ UV output (limited to a single wavelength at 254nm), whereas medium pressure lamps have a ‘polychromatic’ UV output (between 185-400nm).

As UV has no residual effect, the best position for a treatment system is immediately prior to the point of use. This ensures incoming microbiological contaminants are destroyed and there is a minimal chance of post-treatment contamination.

UV applications in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries

Direct contact water
Although municipal water supplies are normally free from harmful or pathogenic microorganisms, this should not be assumed. In addition, water from private sources such as natural springs or boreholes could also be contaminated. Any water used as an ingredient, or that comes in direct contact with the product, can therefore be a source of contamination. UV disinfects this water without chemicals or pasteurisation. It also allows the re-use of process water, saving money and improving productivity without risking the quality of the product.

CIP (Clean-in-Place) rinse water
It is essential that the CIP final rinse water used to flush out foreign matter and disinfecting solutions is microbiologically safe. Fully automated UV disinfection systems can be integrated with CIP rinse cycles to ensure final rinse water does not reintroduce microbiological contaminants.

Filter disinfection
Reverse osmosis (RO) and granular activated carbon (GAC) are often used to filter process water, but can be a breeding ground for bacteria. UV is an effective way of disinfecting both stored RO and GAC filtered water and has been used in the process industries for many years.

GAC filters are also often used to dechlorinate process water, removing the ‘off’ flavours often associated with chlorine disinfection, meaning the flavour of the final product remains untainted and free from unwanted flavours or odours. Placing UV systems ahead of GAC filters used for dechlorination improves the performance of the filters and results in longer carbon runs, so decreasing operating costs.

As the usual dose for removing free chlorine is 15 to 30 times higher than the normal disinfection dose, an important additional benefit of using UV dechlorination is a high level of UV disinfection, reduction in Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and improved overall water quality at point-of-use.

TOC reduction
Short UV wavelengths (below 200nm) are highly effective at breaking down organic molecules present in water, commonly known as Total Organic Carbon (TOC), especially low molecular weight contaminants. This works in two ways: the first method is by direct photolysis, when energy from the UV actually breaks down chemical bonds within the organics; the second method is by the photolysis of water molecules, splitting them to create charged OH- radicals, which also attack the organics.

Cooling media and chiller disinfection
Some meat and dairy products are subject to contamination after heat treatment or cooking. UV provides an excellent way to protect foods from contamination by contact-cooling fluids.

Sugar syrups
Sugar syrups can be a prime breeding ground for microorganisms. Although syrups with very high sugar content do not support microbial growth, any dormant spores may become active after the syrup has been diluted. Treating the syrup and dilution water with UV prior to use will ensure any dormant microorganisms are deactivated.

Liquid sweeteners
Sucrose-based sweeteners can be a prime breeding ground for microorganisms. UV systems are available specifically for treating these syrups.

De-aerated liquor
De-aerated liquor is added as part of a high gravity brewing process, often in the packaging operation. This liquor is added directly to the beer so needs to be kept free from contamination by gram negative bacteria, which can cause off-flavours and acidity.

Yeast preparation
The problems associated with yeast preparation in breweries are well recognised and include hazes, altered fermentation and surface membranes on packaged beer. A single cell of Sacchoromyces (var. Turbidans) in 16 million cells of pitching yeast will cause detectable hazes. UV destroys all known yeasts and their spores.

Waste water
Effluent from pharmaceutical, food and beverage facilities can be treated without the use of environmentally hazardous chemicals. This ensures all discharges meet with local environmental regulations. As already mentioned, because process water can be treated and re-used with UV, this also leads to a significant reduction in the amount of waste water produced.

Ongoing Research
As part of its ongoing commitment to pushing the boundaries of UV science, Hanovia recently opened a UV Application Centre in Shanghai, China. Serving as an R&D centre of excellence for research into the science of UV for new and emerging applications worldwide, the centre will directly support existing and future requirements in Hanovia’s traditional markets for food & beverage, pharmaceutical and high purity water.

Working in collaboration with leading universities from around the world, such as Imperial College in London and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany, as well as some of the leading global brands in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage industry, the centre is already enhancing our understanding of UV efficiency in the control and destruction of inorganic compounds.

“The centre is completely customer-driven and is set up with a very clear mission: to develop UV application science that our customers actually need and to answer those searching questions that only empirical test work can answer,” comments Hanovia’s Technical Director Dr. Mark Aston. “This means working as a partner with our customers to push the boundaries of UV science and align our product range with their existing and future needs. This will directly help them achieve their primary goal of meeting all necessary quality standards with ever increasing efficiency and security.”

The centre’s Principal Engineer, Dr Elaine Feng, added: “Why speculate about UV performance for a new application when a series of targeted experiments will bring certainty to UV performance and efficiency? We believe our investment in the science will allow our customers to enjoy scientific rigour in their process development, gaining the peace of mind that comes with the hands on experience of moving from bench top to pilot to full scale”.

Conclusion
Meeting the increasingly rigorous hygiene standards required in the production of pharmaceutical, food and beverage products is a real challenge. If improvements need to be made to plant and equipment, they need to bring quick returns on the investment and measurable improvements in product quality.

For manufacturers seeking to improve the quality of the end product and to ensure the bio-security of their process, UV is an economic, realistic option. It is already an established method of disinfecting drinking water throughout the world, and is already widely used for high purity applications where water of the highest quality is essential.

UV disinfection systems are easy to install, with minimum disruption to the plant. They need very little maintenance, the only requirement being replacement of the UV lamps every 9 – 12 months, depending on use. This is a simple operation that takes only a few minutes and can be carried out by general maintenance staff.

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Pixelteq to showcase Spectrocam and Multispectral Sensors at Laser World of Photonics

Multispectral sensors & cameras are a key to next-generation optical devices

Leading manufacturers of spectral filters, sensors and cameras, Pixelteq is going to showcase the latest SpectroCam as well as their multi-spectral filters and sensors at the forthcoming “Laser World of Photonics” expo on optical products being held in Bengaluru, India.

The SpectroCam Multispectral Camera delivers live processed images of visible and near-infrared wavelengths to distinguish materials and highlight features invisible to the human eye. With a library of more than 150 interchangeable spectral filters, SpectroCam can be configured for a variety of applications or customized to fit yours. Visit Stall No.C-16 for a live demo of SpectroCam.

Also to be showcased is the PixelSensor™ Multispectral Sensors, wavelength-selective sensors that deliver 8-band spectroscopy in < 1 sq.cm footprint. Using the PixelSensor Developer Board, the compact device makes real-time precision measurements of discrete spectral bands.

PIXELTEQ’s exclusive micro-patterned filters help OEMs to shrink multi-wavelength devices into a single package, enable new optical features, and deliver application-specific sensors and cameras. PIXELTEQ provides custom optical filters and wafer-level coatings for scalable production.

“Clients are using our PIXELTEQ’s micro-patterned filters, sensors, and cameras to deliver more portable and cost-effective optical devices,” explained Bhushan Dhakras, India Business Development Manager at PIXELTEQ. “The multispectral sensing & imaging trend is innovating new optical devices across agricultural, biomedical, security, art conservation, forensic and scientific applications.”

Laser World of Photonics India into its’ 3rd edition is a trade fair that’s a gathering for think tanks of the Indian laser and photonics industry and its users. The expo revolves around innovative products and their industrial solutions and applications.

To learn more about the solutions visit our Stall No. C-16 at The Laser World of Photonics expo in Bengaluru from Sept 23-25 or for our custom OEM capabilities, call Bhushan Dhakras at +91 22 67080420, Mob : +91 9930021866, visit www.pixelteq.com, or email bhushan.dhakras@pixelteq.com.

About Pixelteq:
PIXELTEQ provides micro-patterned spectral filters, sensors, and cameras – helping users shrink multi-wavelength devices into a single package, enable new optical features, and deliver application-specific sensors and cameras. Leveraging comprehensive know-how in thin film coating, micro-patterning and electro-optical integration, PIXELTEQ’s specialists collaborate with client teams to provide expert design assistance and custom-engineered solutions from rapid prototyping through high-volume OEM production.

PIXELTEQ is a subsidiary of Halma plc., an international market leader in safety, health and environmental technology.

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